Sunday, December 25, 2011


A very unusual and unsuspecting artifact was seen in the x-ray of a female patient. Artifacts are very common in chest xrays and you need to suspect them whenever you find an unusually clear cut shadow in chest xray 

Tuesday, October 11, 2011


A 25 year old male presented with high grade intermittent fever with dry cough since 10 days.There was no significant joint pains and bladder and bowel habbits was normal.He was treated with ofloxacin and cefixime for 5 days with no relief in fever.His lab reports were TLC8400,n70,l29,e1%,ESR45,MP,optimal,dengue igm-ve.widal test was -ve and urine RE was within normal limits.LFT was a bit deranged- total bilirubin was 4.2,sgpt152u\l,sgot104u\l..His chest xrays were apparently normal.His usg abdomen showed mild hepatomegaly.Considering cough as a prominent symptom,we did a CT scan of chest.The scan showed bilateral patchy pulmonary infiltrates.His sputum,which was mostly serous did not reveal any AFB.He was treated with inh,ethambutol and streptomycin(altered ATD regime due to deranged LFT).His fever subsided in 2 days and did not return again.
CLINICAL PEARLS: always search for tuberculosis in a patient with pyrexia of unknown origin

Wednesday, September 28, 2011


The interposition of a loop of large gut between the liver and diaphragm is sometime visible in chest xray or straight xray abdomen and is referred to as chilaiditi's sign.This condition is usually asymptomatic.When chilaiditi's sign is symptomatic(usually abdominal pain),it is called chilaiditi,s syndrome.

Monday, August 1, 2011


A 40 year old smoker,nonalcoholic male presented with an episode of generalized tonic clonic convulsions followed by unconsciousness(first episode). he regained consciousness after 2-3 hours and had no significant complaints.His CT SCAN brain showed a ring enhancing lesion with surrounding cerebral oedema in left parietal region which was suggestive  of neurocysticercocis.he had no significant past history and was not on any medications.his TLC was 19800,N82%,urea 25,cr0.8,na+135,and most suprisingly k+8.7. His ECG was normal and his urine output was adequate.We panicked and immediately sent a repeat k+ and gave the patient a10%calcium gluconate 10ml i.v. slowly over 3minutes. The repeat k+ was 4.09.
                   So this is a case of spurious hyperkalemia and we must all be very cautious about it.Before jumping into any conclusions and be very aggressive in management we must always do a repeat test.
                   The causes of spurious hyperkalemia are:     
               1.hemolysis during venipuncture
                     2.release of k+ from muscle during the seizure attack.
                     3.release of k+ from muscle distal to the tourniquet.
                      4.release of k+ from clotted blood during severe leucocytosis(>50,000) or thrombocytosis

Thursday, April 28, 2011


A 30 year old muslim female presented with low grade fever,cough with expectoration and myalgias.Her chest xray revealed right upper lobe consolidation,TLC15700,n80%,ESR130,MT 17*19mm,sputum for AFB was negative on 3 consequetive days,sputum for gram stain showed gram positive cocci in pairs.She was treated with coamoxyclav625 bid for 3 days-there was no relief in symptoms.she was then given cefpodoxime-clavulanate200 bid for 10 days.there was almost complete clearance of RUL opacity after 10 days.